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Case Studies Of Effective Gender-based Violence Interventions – IMPRI Impact And Policy Research Institute

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EGBV 2 Day 4 Session 1 e1712151360871

Session Report
Reetwika Mallick

The Gender Impact Studies Center (GISC) at IMPRI Impact and Policy Research Institute, New Delhi conducted a four week Online National Spring School Program on ‘Ending Gender-based Violence – Cohort 2: Awareness of Policies & Governance’ from March 5th, 2024 to March 27th 2024.

The course, spread over four weeks, provided a unique opportunity to gain in-depth insight into understanding, addressing and eradicating gender-based violence. The course led by esteemed experts, empowered the participants to expand their thinking and enhance their understanding of challenges surrounding gender-based violence. The four-week duration allows for an in-depth exploration of the subject matter, fostering a collaborative learning environment where participants shared experiences, perspectives, and innovative solutions. Through a combination of engaging lectures, interactive workshops, networking, guidance by thematic experts and practical exercises.

Day 4 of ‘Ending Gender-based Violence – Cohort 2: Awareness of Policies & Governance’ highlighted upon the interventions at various levels against gender- based violence and several crucial case studies associated with them by Ms Anju Dubey Pandey, Formerly Specialist, Ending Violence against Women, and Team Lead, Gender-Responsive Governance, UN Women India.

Explaining Gender-based Violence- 

Ms. Pandey commenced the session by explaining how gender-based violence is both a cause and consequence of gender inequality. She highlighted, gender inequality as deeply rooted in the unequal distribution of power and privilege among different sections in society, focusing on men and women. Ms. Pandey discussed the multi-faceted aspect of gender inequality, intersecting with caste, class, religion, ethnicity and sexual orientation.

Ms. Pandey in the session shared data outlining gender-based abuse as a serious issue across the globe. She stated. More than one in three women worldwide would have experienced one or more form of abuse by their partners or non-partners. Ms. Pandey explained, as response to the gender-based abuse, the adopted strategies have generally focused upon mitigating the devastating mental, physical, economic and social effects of violence on the survivors, rather than trying to prevent any kind of abuse against women.

Ecological Model of Gender-based Abuse-

Sharing an alternative strategy in understanding gender-based violence, Ms. Pandey explained the ecological model. The ecological model, according to Ms. Pandey explains abuse through different independent layers.

 At individual level, the abuse is located at submissive femineity expected from women and dominant masculine traits among men. Gender roles, stereotypes are a result of such classification that ultimately leads to abuse.

The second level, Ms. Pandey explained as the inter-personal level. At inter-personal level, Ms. Pandey stated, lie stigma, shame and silence that hinders in placing accountability of the violence against women. The third level, the community level, consists of inequitable norms and practices that perpetuate gender-based inequality and consequently abuse. Ms. Pandey explained the fourth layer lies at societal level that supports the discriminatory laws and practices, deeply rooted in gender-inequality.

Preventive Initiatives-

Ms. Pandey highlighted the strategies adopted against gender-based violence, largely can be qualified as universal prevention. Such strategies, Ms. Pandey explained focusses on reducing abuse, exploitation and abuse at a community or at a whole of population level. Universal prevention adopts awareness generation approach towards curbing gender-based abuse. Alternative response, according to Ms. Pandey is selective prevention that includes working with highly vulnerable communities towards gender-based violence. The response-side programs, a third approach focuses on addressing the needs of the survivors of violence.

Strategic Action Areas-

Ms. Pandey taking the session forward discussed the action areas for fighting against gender-based violence. Evidence-based research helps in better understanding of gender-based violence and locating the agency of women in society, explained Ms. Pandey. Ms. Pandey also highlighted the need for engendering laws, programs and police, adopting a multi-stakeholder partnership between the survivors and the law making and law executing agencies.

Ms. Pandey discussed the importance of developing innovative tech-based solutions against abuse, Ms. Pandey shared several mobile applications developed to aid women fight against violence. Capacity enhancement of duty bearers and institutional strengthening is another strategic area that enhances accountability among the authority according to Ms. Pandey. Intersectionality with women’s economic empowerment, explained by Ms. Pandey is an important action area that requires attention, she explained POSH Act as a positive step.

Ms. Pandey in the session listed some successful examples of pragmatic actions taken during the COVID Pandemic in detail and findings in the course of their research in developing the strategy. Concluding the session, Ms. Pandey reiterated the importance of involving women in developing strategies to fight against abuse against women- Nothing about us, without us.

Read more event reports of IMPRI here:

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