Home Insights A Comprehensive Guide To Careers In Public Policy In India For Students...

A Comprehensive Guide To Careers In Public Policy In India For Students Of Public Policy And Governance – IMPRI Impact And Policy Research Institute

A Comprehensive Guide to Careers in Public Policy in India for Students of Public Policy and Governance

Dr Arjun Kumar

In the dynamic landscape of India’s socio-economic and political milieu, the role of public policy professionals has never been more crucial. As the nation navigates through diverse challenges and opportunities, there is a growing demand for individuals with expertise in public policy and governance. For students pursuing degrees in these fields, the spectrum of potential careers is vast and impactful. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide to the myriad career opportunities available for students of public policy and governance in India.

Government Positions

One of the most direct and influential paths for public policy graduates in India lies within the government sector. From central ministries to state-level departments, numerous opportunities exist for professionals to contribute to policy formulation, analysis, and implementation. Positions such as policy analysts, program managers, and research officers offer a direct avenue for influencing policies that shape the lives of millions.

Government roles provide an insider’s view of policy development, enabling professionals to understand the intricacies of bureaucratic processes and the impact of policies on the ground. Government careers are ideal for individuals passionate about driving change from within the system and contributing to the nation-building process.

Research and Think Tanks

Think tanks and research organizations are pivotal players in shaping public policy discourse and influencing decision-makers. These institutions conduct in-depth research, analysis, and advocacy on a wide range of issues, providing valuable insights to policymakers and the public. Public policy graduates can find fulfilling careers as researchers, analysts, and policy advocates in organizations like the Observer Research Foundation, NITI Aayog, and the Centre for Policy Research.

Working in research and think tanks allows professionals to delve deep into specific policy areas, contributing to evidence-based policymaking. This career path is ideal for those who enjoy intellectual rigor, critical analysis, and the opportunity to influence policy discussions at a strategic level.

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)

The non-profit sector in India is robust, addressing diverse social, economic, and environmental challenges. NGOs play a crucial role in implementing on-the-ground solutions and advocating for policy changes. Public policy graduates can make a significant impact by working with NGOs in roles such as project managers, policy analysts, and community development specialists.

NGO careers provide a hands-on approach to addressing societal issues, allowing professionals to directly engage with communities and contribute to positive change. This path is suitable for those who are passionate about grassroots impact and working closely with diverse stakeholders to address complex challenges.

International Organizations

Global issues often require collaborative solutions, and international organizations provide a platform for public policy professionals to contribute on a global scale. Organizations such as the United Nations, World Bank, and the International Labour Organization (ILO) seek individuals with expertise in public policy to work on projects that transcend national boundaries.

International careers offer exposure to a broader spectrum of issues, allowing professionals to work on challenges that have implications beyond the borders of India. This path is ideal for those who aspire to make a global impact and engage with a diverse range of cultures and perspectives.

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)

As corporate entities increasingly recognize their role in societal development, the demand for professionals with a background in public policy and governance has risen in the corporate social responsibility (CSR) sector. Graduates can work in CSR roles within corporations, designing and implementing initiatives that align with the company’s commitment to social impact.

CSR careers offer a unique blend of corporate strategy and social responsibility, allowing professionals to bridge the gap between business objectives and community development. This path is suitable for those who are interested in leveraging the resources of the private sector for the greater social good.

Consulting Firms in Public Policy

Consulting firms specializing in public policy and governance provide another avenue for graduates to apply their skills across various sectors. These firms work closely with governments, businesses, and non-profits, offering strategic advice, conducting policy evaluations, and implementing reforms. A career in consulting allows individuals to work on a diverse range of projects, gaining exposure to different facets of policy implementation.

Consulting roles are ideal for those who enjoy the dynamic nature of project-based work and the opportunity to collaborate with a variety of clients. This path offers a fast-paced and challenging environment where professionals can contribute their expertise to solve complex problems.

Academia and Research Institutions

For individuals inclined towards academia and research, pursuing a career in teaching and research at universities and research institutions is a fulfilling option. By imparting knowledge to the next generation of policymakers and conducting research that contributes to the academic discourse, individuals in this field play a critical role in shaping the future of public policy.

Academic careers offer the opportunity to delve deep into specific policy areas, contribute to the academic community, and mentor the next generation of policy professionals. This path is suitable for those who have a passion for education and a desire to contribute to the intellectual development of future leaders.


The field of public policy and governance in India offers a diverse and dynamic array of career opportunities for students passionate about making a positive impact on society. Whether within the government, think tanks, NGOs, international organizations, CSR sectors, consulting firms, or academia, each path presents unique challenges and rewards. As India continues to evolve, the need for skilled and dedicated professionals in public policy and governance will only grow, making it an exciting and fulfilling field for students to explore and contribute to the nation’s progress. The journey towards shaping the future of India begins with the choices made by the future leaders in public policy and governance.

Dr Arjun Kumar is the Director of the IMPRI Impact and Policy Research Institute, New Delhi.

Disclaimer: All views expressed in the article belong solely to the author and not necessarily to the organisation.

This article was posted by Mansi Garg , a researcher at IMPRI.

Read more by the author: 

Connecting Beyond Networks: Public Policy Careers for Telecommunications Students in India

Crafting Narratives: Public Policy Careers for Journalism Students in India

  • IMPRI Desk
  • Arjun KumarArjun Kumar

    Arjun Kumar is the Director of the Impact and Policy Research Institute (IMPRI), New Delhi. He holds a PhD in Economics from the Centre for the Study of Regional Development, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi. With training in development economics, he specialises in quantitative and qualitative research methods, econometrics and the use of statistical software to crunch big data. He has been a Visiting Faculty at the Institute for Human Development (IHD) amongst others and has been associated with several think tanks, research institutes, governments, civil society organisations, and private enterprises. He is President of a Jharkhand based NGO (registered in 2010), Manavdhara- a youth social organisation working for humanitarian causes in backward regions and for marginalised communities. He has also taught Economics at the University of Delhi. His research interests are in the economy, development studies, housing and basic amenities, urban and regional research, inclusive and sustainable development, data and evidence-based policy, and, research methods. He has several research publications to his credit and has experience of being involved in research projects of international and national repute. He is also a member and part of various government and non-government formed committees, groups, and advisory boards overseeing the deliberation as subject matter expert and for possessing strong research acumen. He is an avid writer and frequently writes on various dimensions of economic issues, policies, and their impact for several eminent media platforms.


    IMPRI, a startup research think tank, is a platform for pro-active, independent, non-partisan and policy-based research. It contributes to debates and deliberations for action-based solutions to a host of strategic issues. IMPRI is committed to democracy, mobilization and community building.

Previous articleNurturing Change: Exploring Careers In Public Policy For Students Of Rural Development In India – IMPRI Impact And Policy Research Institute
Next articleBridging Perspectives: Unveiling Career Avenues In Public Policy In India For Students Of French – IMPRI Impact And Policy Research Institute
IMPRI, a startup research think tank, is a platform for pro-active, independent, non-partisan and policy-based research. It contributes to debates and deliberations for action-based solutions to a host of strategic issues. IMPRI is committed to democracy, mobilization and community building.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here