Home Insights Development Research And Questionnaire Design

Development Research And Questionnaire Design

11
0
featured image development research e1705851470142

Session Report
Reetwika Mallick

 The Generation Alpha Data Centre, at IMPRI Impact and Policy Research Institute, New Delhi conducted a Four-Month Online National Winter School Program on ‘Public Policy Qualitative Participatory Action Research Fieldwork Fellowship’ from December 16th, 2023 to 20th April, 2023.

The course, spread over four months, provides a unique opportunity to gain hands-on experience in conducting action research and fieldwork led by esteemed experts. Through a combination of engaging lectures, interactive workshops, networking, guidance by thematic experts and practical exercises,

On day 3 of the ‘Participatory Action Research Fieldwork Fellowship- Cohort 2’, Dr. Soumyadip Chattopadhyay, visiting senior fellow, IMPRI discussed in length questionnaire designing in survey research

Designing Questionnaire for Research Survey- 

The session led by Dr. Soumyadip Chattopadhyay, visiting senior fellow at IMPRI, embarked by delineating the various aims of survey research work in social sciences. The pivot of the session, “Development research and questionnaire design” was unravelled by discussing various steps a researcher needs to undertake during questionnaire formulation. 

Dr. Chattopadhyay’s enlightening session aided in understanding the importance of the right kind of questionnaire design and the possible hindrances that the researcher may face in designing the questionnaire. As an esteemed expert in the field, Dr. Chattopadhyay discussed the attributes and framework of a well-designed questionnaire. The questionnaire, as Dr. Chattopadhyay explained should be short, comprehendible and research objective oriented.

Moving forward in the session, Dr. Chattopadhyay specified the decisions that the interviewer will have to undertake while questionnaire formulation. These decisions include- the content of the questionnaire, sequencing of the questions, logistical support required and the time period of the survey. With regard to the content of the questions, the esteemed speaker introduced two ways in which a questionnaire can be designed to seek research objective-oriented information. He elucidated that the questionnaire can be explanatory, seeking qualitative information from the respondents as an open-ended question or the questions can be designed to receive quantitative information from the respondents.

Explaining the different types of questionnaire, Dr. Chattopadhyay clarified the advantages and disadvantages of the two side of the spectrum using various examples. The open ended questions although are more exploratory in nature, but it becomes difficult for the respondents to articulate their responses. On the other hand, fixed or close ended questions give respondents alternatives to answer, but it limits the range of responses that interviewee can give.

In the session, Dr. Chattopadhyay further explained the different types of wording of questions that will determine the information sought from the respondents. He differentiated between dichotomous, determinant choice, frequency determination and attitude rating questions with relevant examples. While discussing the sequencing of questions, the speaker discussed the components that should exist in a questionnaire- information sheet elucidating the research survey purpose and confidentiality of the responses given, the questions to be asked, demographics of the respondent and the customary thanking for their participation.

Acknowledging the challenges in questionnaire designing, Dr. Chattopadhyay reminded that since there is no guide book for questionnaire designing, therefore, there is a need for a pilot survey. Pilot surveys help the interviewer analyse and revise the questionnaire in order to get the desired information.

Towards the end of the session, Dr. Chattopadhyay shared a standard questionnaire to show the sequencing of the questions, words to be used in a question in order to seek desired information on areas such as income and education and also showed a sample of how to construct unambiguous and short questions. The session was concluded by reminding that the questionnaire should be designed keeping in mind survey relevance and survey accuracy in order to increase the reliability and validity of the research survey work.  

Read more event reports of IMPRI here:

Participatory Action Research and Policy-Influenced Research Methodology

  • IMPRI Desk
  • IMPRI

    IMPRI, a startup research think tank, is a platform for pro-active, independent, non-partisan and policy-based research. It contributes to debates and deliberations for action-based solutions to a host of strategic issues. IMPRI is committed to democracy, mobilization and community building.

Previous articleIndia-Taiwan Relations Post Lai Ching-te – IMPRI Impact And Policy Research Institute
Next articleTaiwan Election Results: Positive For India And Negative For China – IMPRI Impact And Policy Research Institute
IMPRI, a startup research think tank, is a platform for pro-active, independent, non-partisan and policy-based research. It contributes to debates and deliberations for action-based solutions to a host of strategic issues. IMPRI is committed to democracy, mobilization and community building.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here