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Integration Of Skilling Into Education – IMPRI Impact And Policy Research Institute

Blue White Geometric Thesis Defense Presentation

Session Report
Rehmat Arora


On day 8 of the Fundamentals of Public Policy certificate training course organized by IMPRI, Professor Randhir Singh Rathore delivered an enlightening presentation on the integration of skilling into education to enhance employability and generate livelihood opportunities. The session aimed to delve into the intricate relationship between education, employability, and livelihood generation, highlighting the importance of aligning educational curricula with the evolving needs of the job market to address the challenges of unemployment and underemployment effectively.

Understanding the Cross-Section:

Professor Rathore initiated the session by providing a comprehensive overview of the cross-section of education, employability, and livelihood generation. He emphasized the interconnectedness of these domains and their pivotal role in shaping individual trajectories and societal development. Drawing upon definitions from esteemed institutions such as the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Department of Education in the UK, he laid the groundwork for a nuanced exploration of the subject matter.

Challenges and Opportunities in the Education System:

A critical analysis of the prevailing education system in India revealed several challenges impeding the seamless transition of students into the workforce. Despite significant enrollments in both school and higher education, the distribution of students across different levels underscored a disconnect between traditional academic streams and emerging job sectors. The mismatch between the skills imparted by educational institutions and the skillsets sought by employers emerged as a pressing concern, necessitating systemic reforms to bridge the gap effectively.

Government Initiatives and Policy Interventions:

Professor Rathore elucidated various government initiatives aimed at addressing the challenges of skilling and employability. He highlighted landmark policies such as the National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (2015), which laid the foundation for a comprehensive approach to skill development. The establishment of the National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET) and the introduction of the National Education Policy (2020) further underscored the government’s commitment to integrating vocational education with mainstream academic curricula, thereby fostering a more holistic approach to skill development.

National Credit Framework and Revised Qualification Framework:

The introduction of the National Credit Framework (NCF) and the revised National Qualification Framework (NQF) marked significant milestones in standardizing skill development initiatives. Professor Rathore emphasized the transformative potential of these frameworks in standardizing competency levels and aligning academic and vocational qualifications. By facilitating seamless mobility between different educational streams, these frameworks aimed to promote flexibility and experiential learning, thereby enhancing employability prospects for students.

Innovative Approaches in Education:

The session highlighted innovative approaches adopted by educational institutions to enhance skilling and employability. Examples included the establishment of feeder schools affiliated with the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and the introduction of skill-based courses within universities. The integration of practical training modules and hands-on experience within the curriculum emerged as essential strategies for nurturing a skilled workforce capable of meeting the demands of the modern job market.

Digital Initiatives and Virtual Learning Platforms:

Professor Rathore underscored the role of digital initiatives and virtual learning platforms in democratizing access to skill development opportunities. Platforms like the India Skills Portal and FutureSkills Prime were cited as examples of government-led initiatives aimed at providing training in emerging technologies and professional skills. The integration of digital learning modules within traditional educational settings emerged as a key strategy for enhancing employability and promoting lifelong learning among students and professionals alike.


In conclusion, Professor Rathore’s presentation provided valuable insights into the imperative of integrating skilling into the education system to address the challenges of unemployment and underemployment effectively. By emphasizing the alignment of educational curricula with industry requirements and leveraging digital technologies for skill development, the session underscored the importance of adopting a holistic approach to education and training. Moving forward, concerted efforts from policymakers, educators, and industry stakeholders will be essential to ensure the effectiveness and sustainability of skilling initiatives in India, thereby empowering individuals and driving socioeconomic progress.

Acknowledgement: This article was published by Riya Pawar, a Research Intern at IMPRI.

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