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GPAI New Delhi AI Declaration – IMPRI Impact And Policy Research Institute

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GPAI New Delhi AI Declaration

Kaushiki K. Singh
GPAI Summit in New Delhi

The three-day Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI) summit culminated with the unanimous adoption of the New Delhi Declaration on December 14. The event spanned over 30 sessions engaging stakeholders from GPAI, International Organizations, Entrepreneurs, and domain experts. India hosted the conference and brought together major initiatives for AI – UN Advisory Group on AI, UK AI Safety Summit at a single event. The sessions on the topic of Collaborative AI for Global Partnership (CAIGP) – Global Cooperation for Equitable AI & Building Scalable Large Language Models (LLMs) were organized, with the participation of over 22000 people.

The GPAI is a multi-member forum that brings 29 member nations together to establish a responsible framework for the development of artificial intelligence. This partnership was fostered by the initiative of Canada and France in the year 2020. GPAI operates through its working groups in the following areas; Responsible AI, Data Governance, Future of Work, and Innovation and Commercialization. The GPAI Secretariat is hosted at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This summit was convened under the leadership of Japan as the lead Chair of 2023 while India was the incoming support chair, and France was the outgoing Support chair.

The concerns regarding reckless growth and misuse of deep fake technology echoed throughout the summit. The YUVAi (Youth for Unnati and Vikas with AI) Initiative is aimed at encouraging innovations in the field of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning. Including local languages and keeping the digitally backward segments of society in mind while designing AI policy was suggested. Four sessions under different working groups of the GPAI were conducted. The Indian delegation focused on its achievements. The AIRAWAT (Artificial Intelligence Research, Analytics, and Knowledge Assimilation Platform), an Indian cloud computing platform under the “National Program on AI” was highlighted by the Prime Minister.

Emphasis on a Global Framework for AI Governance

The concept of Artificial Intelligence technology is aimed at yielding myriad possibilities but the contemporary discourse around AI primarily emphasizes on containing its reckless growth. It was in March (2023) when over a thousand technology entrepreneurs and domain experts including popular names like Elon Musk and Tristan Harris called for an immediate pause on the development of AI. The global call for an AI regime to enhance control and growth has become robust. Several important landmark judgments were passed in the realm of AI Governance in the year 2023. The following efforts and legislations were furnished and accepted in the run-up to the New Delhi GPAI Summit;

  • Canada: AI and Data Act
  • United States: National Institute of Standard and Technology (NIST) AI Risk Management Framework 1.0
  • United Kingdom: UK AI White Paper
  • United Kingdom: The Bletchley Declaration was signed by the UK’s AI safety
  • EU: European Union AI ACT
  • Brazill: Brazil AI Bill 2338/2023
  • United Nations: United Nations Advisory on AI 
  • Japan: Hiroshima AI Process was adopted at the G7 Summit 

Even the Chinese Government which remains a non-member of GPAI, undertook interim measures for Generative AI. The world leaders have been proactively crafting legislation to ensure a formidable AI Governance framework.

New Delhi AI Declaration

The GPAI has unanimously adopted this declaration. The New Delhi AI Declaration has delineated several clauses for the right use of AI, laid the core philosophies, and highlighted the immediate need to mitigate risks posed by the development of AI. It underlined the need for equal access to critical resources necessary for the further development of AI. Following are the key highlights of the document; 

  • There is a need to ensure that the further development of AI on humane grounds strengthens the social systems.
  • The declaration emphasized a Global Framework for the use of AI that entails the values of democracy and human rights, protection of Intellectual property, Privacy and security; and Fostering innovation and ensuring a responsible use of AI, as per the document.
  • The document gives priority to leveraging innovation in AI technology for agricultural purposes. The need for implementing climate-resilient agricultural practices, to enhance productivity, adapt to changing climate, and mitigate vulnerabilities. It also called for improving soil quality and empowering the agricultural supply chain. This comes in light of rising vulnerabilities in modern times, population explosions, and food crises rampant across the globe.
  • The was equal emphasis on both innovation and risks. The issues flagged in the document related to AI are justice, data breach privacy, and intellectual property rights. The declaration aimed at fostering innovation and the creation of AI-based solutions.
  • It gives specific impetus to ensuring an inclusive and diverse membership to the GPAI group to ensure the participation of the Low- and Middle-Income Countries.
  • It also emphasizes attaining the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals through AI. 
  • Shared resources for inclusive AI to be promoted by ensuring access to AI computing, diverse datasets, algorithms, software, testbeds, and AI-relevant resources in compliance with rules and laws.
  • The international collaboration on Research, Innovation, and Policy was necessitated. The vision of a Global Digital Public Infrastructure Repository (GDPIR) established by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology was reinforced in the declaration.

Issues and Challenges in India

The industry leaders in the domain of AI have flagged several concerns regarding its misuse. Research on OpenAI’s Generative pre-trained transformer (GPT 4) AI Model unveiled how it could easily be jailbroken to generate racist, casteist, sexist, and other harmful texts. The AI can be utilized for running propaganda campaigns. In a country rife with communal tensions, this could pose security threats.

Another aspect of the misuse of AI has been the deep fake technology being utilized to generate defamatory and vulgar images of women. In recent months instances of deep fake images of Indian celebrities have been surfacing online. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and popular celebrities like Rashmika Mandhana and Alia Bhatt have all been the victims of the Deep Fake technology. The same can be used for blackmailing and extorting money from innocent citizens. Deep fakes can also be used to spread false information, troll, and instigate communal tensions.

The Indian laws and legislation around AI have not been able to keep up with the global efforts in this direction. The Digital Personal Data Protection (DPDP) Act, 2023, or the Information Technology Act provides the framework to protect the rights and the privacy of individuals across digital platforms. The Artificial Intelligence domain needs to be thoroughly reviewed and incorporated into the Act to protect the digital citizenry. 

There have been concerns over the erosion of several jobs with the widespread adoption of the AI Technology. This has led to an eco-system of apprehension and stress for people across different sectors. According to a report by ResumeBuilder, a whopping 37% of industry leaders believe that AI has already replaced the workers in 2023, and 44% reportedly expect layoffs in 2024. However, there are mixed feelings amongst the domain experts regarding the takeover of AI in the job industry. A large number of jobs today are traditional and 34%of the global population is still deprived of an internet infrastructure.

It is noteworthy that the Indian AI market reached $ 680 million in 2022 and has the potential to add $500 million by the end of 2025 according to a report. There is an immediate need to address AI and the future of Job markets.

 Developing nations across the world need to take special cognizance of the matter, as the unemployment rates are high and the Industry has not been able to generate enough jobs. The use of AI might lead to GDP growth and enhance efficiency, but such a reckless transition can lead to unprecedented crises. The regional news channels in India have already begun embracing AI Journalism, AI anchors and reporters have been introduced in major media channels like Aaj TaK TV, Odisha TV, and Kannada media Power TV. In a move similar to the industry giants like Al Jazeera and Taiwan’s FTV which have AI anchors. These moves can make the unemployment ciris even worse. 

There is a need to strike incisive dialogues about what becomes of the Art and Creative sectors with the inception of AI-generated images and texts. The question of employment is serious but at the same time, the cultural implications of this shift has to be gauged to protect the rich artistic heritage, especially in a country like India. 

Way forward:

The development of AI is constantly on the verge of spiralling beyond control. AI use not only needs to be checked but also continuously tailored to benefit mankind. 

A) Combatting ethical challenges in the AI sector
There is a need to address the challenges posed by AI – the erosion of privacy, and infringement of intellectual property rights and ensure that it does not fall prey to human fallibility and biases. It is important to carve an ethical guideline handbook for the further development and enhancement of AI.

It is also important to combat the digital divide and joblessness due to the adoption of AI-based services. There was recently a furor around Netflix Japan’s move to use AI-generated art in its anime “The Dog & The Boy” citing labour shortage. Creative sectors like art, animation, copywriting, and other areas involving human judgment and critical thinking like research, analysis, logistics and operations, audit and book-keeping, or the management of human resources are likely to be affected in the light of AI automation. 

B) Introduce a comprehensive global policy directive for AI regulation
The nations around the world are focused on producing national legislation on AI but due to the shared nature of cyberspace, comprehensive global guidelines must be accepted and disseminated. This would help in enhancing AI governance, dealing with cybercrimes, and shaping the trajectory of development. The nations of the world need to collaborate, and draw insights and input a pool of actors from every industry, including non-technology sectors. This will benefit in developing multidimensional strategies to design an effective AI Policy. 

C) AI technology and the security of Jobs 
The industries might have a meta-preference towards AI Technologies, as it would cut costs and enhance productivity. There is a need to ensure a smooth transition to AI. There is a need for the Government and industries to collaborate and conduct several rounds of dialogues to draw relevant suggestions from the stakeholders across the vertical hierarchy, to analyze the various risks and possibilities. As suggested by several Industry experts, there needs to be a focus on catalyzing a “human-centered AI” to ensure minimal shocks and damages in the course of the transition. 

Conclusion

India shares the centre stage with the stalwart nations striving to craft an effective AI regime. This technology can be utilized by the nations to not only mitigate real-world challenges like healthcare, education, agricultural, and infrastructural challenges but also promise enhanced economic growth rates. At the same time, The question of loss of jobs, digital divides, and lacunae in the infrastructural capacities that utilize AI in day-to-day business must be met with appropriate policy interventions.

The Indian government announced an AI Mission in December and aims to set up a facilitation centre for Startups by enhancing the computing capacity by launching a platform with the C-DAC (Centre for Development of Advanced Computing). Legislators and AI Policy experts need to keep up with and curb the unchecked development of AI to prevent irreversible damage. The concerns are multiple and ever-evolving, thus it is imperative for the stakeholders in this area to not only keep up with it but also utilize forecasts and futures analysis to ensure that the challenges are efficiently mitigated and the development of AI technology is seamless. 

References

(2023, December 14) 2023 GPAI Ministerial Declaration https://gpai.ai/

Curry R., (2023, December 16) Recent data shows AI job losses are rising, but the numbers don’t tell the full story https://www.cnbc.com/2023/12/16/ai-job-losses-are-rising-but-the-numbers-dont-tell-the-full-story.html#:~:text=More%20than%20one%2Dthird%20

International Telecommunication Union’s (ITU), (2023) Measuring digital development: Facts and figures 2023 Metz C., Schmidt G. (2023, March 29) Elon Musk and Others call for Pause on A.I., Citing ‘Profound Risks to Society’ https://www.nytimes.com/2023/03/29/technology/ai-artificial-intelligence-musk-risks.html

Borenstein J., Howard A. (2020, October) Emerging challenges in AI and the need for AI ethics education https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s43681-020-00002-7

Ingle, V. K. (2023, April). Misuse of AI and its consequence. https://www.irjmets.com/uploadedfiles/paper//issue_4_april_2023/36501/final/fin_irjmets1682493570.pdf

Mishra, A. (2023, December 13). 29 member countries of GPAI unanimously adopts New Delhi declaration https://www.business-standard.com/india-news/29-member-countries-of-gpai-unanimously-adopts-new-delhi-declaration-123121301273_1.html

Barik S. (2023, December 21) In big AI push, Centre to step up compute capacity, offer free services to startups https://indianexpress.com/article/india/in-big-ai-push-centre-to-step-up-compute-capacity-offer-free-services-to-startups-9076764/

Acknowledgment: The author would like to thank Miss Aasthaba Jadeja, Miss Aishiki Chowdhury, Miss Bhanvi, Miss Nivedita Sinha, and Miss Vaishali for their kind comments and suggestions to improve the article. 

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This article was posted by Aasthaba Jadeja, a research intern at IMPRI.

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