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Empowering The Marginalized: PM PVTG Scheme – IMPRI Impact And Policy Research Institute

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Empowering the Marginalized: PM PVTG Scheme

Vamsi Gokaraju

Introduction

The Pradhan Mantri Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups Mission is a scheme aimed at improving the socio-economic conditions of the particularly vulnerable tribes.

The scheme aims to provide basic facilities such as safe housing clean drinking water and sanitation, improved access to education, health and nutrition, road and telecom connectivity, and sustainable livelihood opportunities. 

The mission will be undertaken in the next 3 years and will use ₹15,000 crores from the Development Action Plan.

Aspects of the PM PVTG Scheme

i) Empowerment through Development: The scheme focuses on holistic development by providing these groups with essential resources for education, healthcare, livelihood, and infrastructure. It is a comprehensive approach to bridge the gaps and build a pathway to a brighter future.

ii) Education for All: One of the key aspects of the PM PVTG Scheme is to ensure quality education reaches every child in these tribal communities. By building schools and improving educational facilities, the initiative aims to break the cycle of poverty through knowledge and skills.

iii) Healthcare Redefined: The scheme prioritizes healthcare facilities, ensuring that every individual, regardless of their geographical location, has access to quality medical services. Regular health check-ups, vaccinations, and awareness programs contribute to a healthier and happier PVTG community.

iv) Sustainable Livelihoods: Empowering these communities economically is crucial. The scheme promotes sustainable livelihoods by introducing skill development programs and supporting traditional occupations. This not only preserves their cultural heritage but also boosts their economic independence.

v) Preserving Cultural Diversity: Every tribe is a unique tapestry of culture and traditions. PM PVTG recognizes and respects this diversity, working towards the preservation of indigenous practices and languages. 

vi) Community Participation: A community thrives when everyone is involved. The scheme emphasizes community participation in decision-making processes, ensuring that the voices of PVTGs are heard and respected.

Challenges faced by the PM PVTG Scheme:

i) Geographical Isolation: Many PVTGs inhabit remote and inaccessible areas, making it challenging to reach them with essential services and infrastructure. It poses difficulties in the transportation of resources and the establishment of sustainable development projects.

ii) Lack of Awareness: Some members of PVTGs may not be aware of the schemes and initiatives designed for their benefit. Limited awareness can hinder their participation and prevent them from fully utilizing the available resources.

iii) Cultural Sensitivity: PVTGs often have distinct cultural practices and traditions. Implementing development programs while respecting and preserving their cultural identity requires a nuanced approach. Failure to do so may lead to resistance or non-cooperation from the communities.

iv) Limited Resources: Adequate resource allocation is crucial for the success of the scheme. Limited financial resources can affect the scale and effectiveness of the interventions, hindering the development of goals for education, healthcare, and livelihoods.

v) Infrastructure Challenges: The lack of basic infrastructure, such as roads, electricity, and communication facilities, in tribal areas can impede the delivery of services.

vi) Monitoring and Evaluation: Regular monitoring and evaluation mechanisms are crucial for the success of any development scheme. Challenges may arise in assessing the impact of the PM PVTG Scheme and ensuring that the benefits reach the intended beneficiaries.

vii) Access to Healthcare: Providing healthcare services to remote tribal areas can be challenging. The scarcity of healthcare facilities, and medical professionals, and the difficulty in transporting medical supplies can affect the overall health outcomes of the PVTGs.

viii)  Educational Barriers: Ensuring quality education in tribal areas faces hurdles such as a shortage of teachers, lack of proper school infrastructure, and cultural differences in teaching methodologies. Overcoming these barriers is essential for the educational development of PVTG communities.

ix) Land Rights and Forest Governance: Many PVTGs depend on forests for their livelihoods. Issues related to land rights, forest governance, and sustainable resource management need to be addressed to ensure the socio-economic development of these communities without compromising their traditional lifestyles.

Past Schemes

Past schemes such as Conservation-cum-Development (CCD) of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups include the overall development but it is different from the PM PVTG Scheme as the CCD gives flexibility and enables States to focus on areas that they consider relevant to PVTGs and their sociocultural environment of the respective States. In contrast, the PVTG Scheme involves field visits from the Ministry of Tribal Affairs themselves which will give the policymakers a better idea about the problems. Decentralisation of workload can lead to cases of corruption where authorities could resort to bribes or take up a majority of the development funds for their personal use.

Way Forward

Any policy has its ups and downs. Without a doubt, the policy will not only benefit the marginalized tribes but will allow future generations to get out of their endless cycle of poverty and oppression. However, to address the challenges and make sure that the implementation of the Scheme is flawless, it requires a collaborative effort from government agencies, NGOs, and local communities to ensure the success of the PM PVTG Scheme and sustainable development for Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups.

References

1. Ministry of Tribal Affairs. (2023, Aug 9). Pradhan Mantri Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups Mission aims to improve the socio-economic conditions of the particularly vulnerable tribal groups (PVTGs)

2. DrishtiIAS. (2023, Nov 13). Prime Minister will launch the ‘PM-PVTG Development Mission’ in Khunti on 15th November.

3. Economic Times. (2023, Nov 15). PM launches Rs. 24,000-cr scheme for vulnerable tribal groups’ welfare.

Acknowledgment

The author would like to thank Aasthaba Jadeja and Nivedita Sinha for their kind comments and suggestions to improve the article.

Read more at IMPRI:

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This article was posted by Aasthaba Jadeja, a research intern at IMPRI.

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